Chile

Chile has undergone major demographic, epidemiological, and nutrition transitions over the past 50 years and currently has the highest prevalence of obesity in Latin America. Non-communicable diseases account for 83% of all deaths in Chile, for which over-nutrition and obesity are both major determinants. Massive increases in consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has helped fuel these trends. From 2009–2014, Chile saw the fastest absolute growth of SSB sales in the world, and in 2014, Chile had the highest per-person daily calories sold from SSBs in the world. To combat these trends, Chile has implemented the most comprehensive set of obesity-preventive regulations to date in the world, including a sugary drink tax, a front-of-package warning label system, and restrictions on marketing and advertising of unhealthy foods and drinks. Staggered implementation of these regulations across four years allows us to evaluate the policies’ independent and joint impacts.

Our evaluations to date: In collaboration with our research partners in Chile, we have evaluated early impacts of the Chilean sugary drink tax and Phase 1 of the Law of Nutritional Composition of Food and Advertising and its combined warning label, marketing restriction, and school sales policies. Early data indicate that within the first year of implementation, these policies were already impacting the foods and drinks Chileans buy and consume as well as the public’s perceptions of junk foods targeted by the policies.

We will continue our work in Chile through 2023 in order to evaluate all three phases of the Law of Nutritional Composition of Food and Advertising.

Policies

Ley 20.780 | Implemented October 1, 2014

Beverage tax law

For all non-alcoholic drinks with with coloring, flavoring, or caloric sweeteners:

  • 18% ad valorem tax on drinks containing >6.25 g sugar/100 mL (5% increase from previous rate of 13%)
  • 10% ad valorem tax on drinks with ≤6.25 g sugar/100 mL (3% decrease from previous rate of 13%)

Exempt: 100% fruit juice and dairy-based beverages

Read law in: Spanish | English

In-Country Team Leads

Resources

  • Taxes on unhealthy foods and beverages

    Global maps showing countries and smaller jurisdictions with taxes on sugary or sweetened beverages and/or unhealthy foods, that were implemented with a goal of curbing sugar, salt, saturated or trans fat, and excessive calorie consumption and improving public health. Included are brief descriptions of each tax structure and dates of passage or implementation.

  • Front-of-package labeling fact sheet

    Fact sheet describing how front-of-package (FOP) labels can help consumers make informed, healthier choices and encourage industry to improve the nutritional profile of their products and portfolios. Learn about the evidence for different FOP labels, what types of labels are in use around the world today, and key elements to consider when developing and implementing an effective FOP labelling policy.

  • Front-of-package labeling

    Series of maps showing interpretive labels used on food and beverage packages around around the world. These maps feature national-level, mandatory front-of-package labeling policies as well as government-endorsed voluntary labels. This resource includes a map highlighting countries with front-of-package warning label policies.

  • Restrictions on marketing food to children

    Global map showing countries with national-level, mandatory policies aimed at protecting children from harmful marketing for unhealthy foods or beverages by limiting children’s exposure to marketing and/or by limiting the persuasive power of food marketing via restrictions on the use of certain creative marketing techniques. This resource includes a chart comparing policy scope in each country and more details on limits to television advertising.

  • Food and beverage marketing

    Marketing Fact Sheet ThumbnailFact sheet describing the prevalence and persuasive nature of junk food marketing and its impact on children and adolescents. Learn how unhealthy food marketing contributes to global childhood obesity and about recommendations for regulations to limit its harms.

    Updated May 2022

  • School food environment

    Global maps showing countries with policies to improve nutrition in public schools, including mandatory standards for foods available, restrictions on unhealthy foods available, fruit and vegetable initiatives, and bans on vending machines in schools.

Publications

  • Changes in children’s and adolescents’ dietary intake after the implementation of Chile’s law of food labeling, advertising and sales in schools: a longitudinal study
    Authors: Gabriela Fretes, Camila Corvalán, Marcela Reyes, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Christina D. Economos, Norbert L.W. Wilson, Sean B. Cash
    Published in: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, April 4, 2023 view full text

  • Socioeconomic patterns in budget share allocations of regulated foods and beverages in Chile: a longitudinal analysis
    Authors: Guillermo Paraje, Daniela Montes de Oca, Camila Corvalán, and Barry Popkin
    Published in: Nutrients, January 29, 2023 view full text

  • Sweetener purchases in Chile before and after implementing a policy for food labeling, marketing, and sales in schools
    Authors: Natalia Rebolledo, Maxime Bercholz, Linda Adair, Camila Corvalán, Shu Wen Ng, Lindsey Smith Taillie
    Published in: Current Developments in Nutrition, December 23, 2022
    view full text

  • Did the sweetness of beverages change with the Chilean Food Labeling and Marketing Law? A before and after study
    Authors: Natalia Rebolledo, Maxime Bercholz, Camila Corvalán, Shu Wen Ng, Lindsey Smith Taillie
    Published in: Frontiers in Nutrition, October 28, 2022 view full text

  • Why don’t you [government] help us make healthier foods more affordable instead of bombarding us with labels? Maternal knowledge, perceptions, and practices after full implementation of the Chilean food labelling law
    Authors: Teresa Correa, Camila Fierro, Marcela Reyes, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Francesca Renee Dillman Carpentier, Camila Corvalán
    Published in: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, April 9, 2022 view full text

  • Changes in nonnutritive sweetener intake in a cohort of preschoolers after the implementation of Chile's Law of Food Labelling and Advertising
    Authors: Natalia Rebolledo, Marcela Reyes, Barry M. Popkin, Linda Adair, Christy L. Avery, Camila Corvalán, Shu Wen Ng, Lindsey Smith Taillie
    Published in: Pediatric Obesity, January 27, 2022 view full text

  • Front-of-pack labeling in Chile: Effects on employment, real wages, and firms’ profits after three years of its implementation
    Authors: Guillermo Paraje, Daniela Montes de Oca, Juan Marcos Wlasiuk, Mario Canales, Barry M. Popkin
    Published in: Nutrients, January 11, 2022 view full text

  • The impacts on food purchases and tax revenues of a tax based on Chile’s nutrient profiling model
    Authors: M. Arantxa Colchero, Guillermo Paraje, Barry M. Popkin
    Published in: PLOS ONE, December 2, 2021 view full text

  • Youth's diets at school after implementation of Chile's Food Labeling and Advertising Law
    Authors: Gabriela Fretes, Camila Corvalan, Marcela Reyes, Christina Economos, Lindey Smith Taillie, Norbert Wilson, Sean Cash
    Published in: Obesity, December 1, 2021 view full text

  • Changes in the use of nonnutritive sweeteners in the Chilean food and beverage supply after the implementation of the Food Labeling and Advertising Law
    Authors: Ricardo C. Zancheta, Camila Corvalán, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Vilma Quitral, Marcela Reyes
    Published in: Frontiers in Nutrition | Nutrition and Food Science Technology, November 8, 2021 view full text

  • Television viewing and using screens while eating: Associations with dietary intake in children and adolescents
    Authors: Melissa L. Jensen, Francesca R. Dillman Carpentier, Camila Corvalán, Barry M. Popkin, Kelly R. Evenson, Linda Adair, Lindsey Smith Taillie
    Published in: Appetite, September 1, 2021 view full text

  • Changes in food purchases after the Chilean policies on food labelling, marketing, and sales in schools: a before and after study
    Authors: Lindsey Smith Taillie, Maxime Bercholz, Barry M. Popkin, Marcela Reyes, M. Arantxa Colchero, Camila Corvalán
    Published in: The Lancet Planetary Health, August 1, 2021 view full text

  • Impact of warning labels on reducing health halo effects of nutrient content claims on breakfast cereal packages: A mixed-measures experiment
    Authors: Fernanda Mediano Stoltze, Emily A. Busey, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Francesca Dillman Carpentier
    Published in: Appetite, August 1, 2021 view full text