Front-of-package nutrient labels

Fact sheet describing how front-of-package (FOP) labels can help consumers make informed, healthier choices and encourage industry to improve the nutritional profile of their products and portfolios. Learn about the evidence for different FOP labels, what types of labels are in use around the world today, and key elements to consider when developing and implementing […]

Ultra-processed foods

Fact sheet describing ultra-processed foods and drinks and the threat they pose to public health worldwide as they make up increasingly greater portions of the global diet. Learn how to identify ultra-processed products; review the evidence for their association with a multitude of risk factors, diseases, and mortality; and explore policy options to reduce consumption. […]

Front-of-package labeling

Global maps showing both mandatory and voluntary front-of-package labeling schemes used in countries around the world. Includes maps highlighting countries with front-of-package warning label policies. Updated September 2021


Zancheta Ricardo C, Corvalán C, Taillie L, Quitral V, Reyes M. Changes in the use of nonnutritive sweeteners in the Chilean food and beverage supply after the implementation of the Food Labeling and Advertising Law. Frontiers in Nutrition. 8:773450. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2021.773450 view full text

Bopape M, Taillie LS, Frank T, Murukutla N, Cotter T, Majija L, Swart R. South African consumers' perceptions of front-of-package warning labels on unhealthy foods and drinks. PLOS One. 2021 Sep 27;16(9):e0257626. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0257626. PMID: 34570825; PMCID: PMC8475997. view full text

Roberto CA, Ng SW, Ganderats-Fuentes M, Hammond D, Barquera S, Jauregui A, Taillie LS. The Influence of Front-of-Package Nutrition Labeling on Consumer Behavior and Product Reformulation. Annual Review of Nutrition. 2021 Aug 2;41. (Review in Advance first posted online on August 2, 2021. Changes may still occur before final publication in September 2021.)  view full text

Taillie LS, Bercholz M, Popkin B, Reyes M, Colchero MA, Corvalán C. Changes in food purchases after the Chilean policies on food labelling, marketing, and sales in schools: a before and after study. The Lancet Planetary Health. 2021 Aug 1;5(8):e526-33. view full text

Krieger J, Bleich SN, Scarmo S, Ng SW. Sugar-sweetened beverage reduction policies: Progress and promise. Annual Review of Public Health. 2021 Apr 1;42:439-61. view full text

Paraje G, Colchero A, Wlasiuk JM, Sota AM, Popkin BM. The effects of the Chilean food policy package on aggregate employment and real wages. Food Policy. 2021 Apr 1;100:102016. view full text

Lowery CM, Mora-Plazas M, Gómez LF, Popkin B, Taillie LS. Reformulation of Packaged Foods and Beverages in the Colombian Food Supply. Nutrients. 2020 Oct 24;12(11):E3260. doi: 10.3390/nu12113260. view full text

Taillie LS, Hall MG, Gómez LF, Higgins I, Bercholz M, Murukutla N, Mora-Plazas M. Designing an Effective Front-of-Package Warning Label for Food and Drinks High in Added Sugar, Sodium, or Saturated Fat in Colombia: An Online Experiment. Nutrients. 2020 Oct 13;12(10):E3124. doi: 10.3390/nu12103124. view full text

Hall MG, Grummon AH, Lazard AJ, Maynard OM, Taillie LS. Reactions to graphic and text health warnings for cigarettes, sugar-sweetened beverages, and alcohol: An online randomized experiment of US adults. Preventive Medicine. 2020 Aug 1;137:106120. view full text

Reyes M, Smith Taillie L, Popkin B, Kanter R, Vandevijvere S, Corvalán C. Changes in the amount of nutrient of packaged foods and beverages after the initial implementation of the Chilean Law of Food Labelling and Advertising: A nonexperimental prospective study. PLOS Medicine. 2020 Jul 28;17(7):e1003220. view full text

Taillie LS, Hall MG, Popkin BM, Ng SW, Murukutla N. Experimental Studies of Front-of-Package Nutrient Warning Labels on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Ultra-Processed Foods: A Scoping Review. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 22;12(2). pii: E569. doi: 10.3390/nu12020569. view full text

Taillie LS, Reyes M, Colchero MA, Popkin BM, Corvalán C. (2020). An evaluation of Chile’s Law of Food Labeling and Advertising on sugar-sweetened beverage purchases from 2015 to 2017: A before-and-after studyPLOS Med 17(2): e1003015. view full text

Duran AC, Ricardo CZ, Mais LA, Martins APB, Taillie LSConflicting Messages on Food and Beverage Packages: Front-of-Package Nutritional Labeling, Health and Nutrition Claims in Brazil. Nutrients. 2019 Dec 5;11(12). pii: E2967. doi: 10.3390/nu11122967 view full text

Correa T, Fierro C, Reyes M, Carpentier FRD, Taillie LS, and Corvalan C. (2019). Responses to the Chilean Law of Food Labeling and Advertising: Exploring knowledge, perceptions and behaviors of mothers of young childrenInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 16(1): 21. view full text

Hall MG, Grummon AH, Maynard OM, Kameny MR, Jenson D, Popkin BMCausal Language in Health Warning Labels and US Adults’ Perception: A Randomized Experiment. Am J Public Health. 2019 Oct;109(10):1429-33. view full text

Corvalán C, Reyes M, Garmendia ML, Uauy R. Structural responses to the obesity and non‐communicable diseases epidemic: Update on the Chilean law of food labelling and advertising. Obesity Reviews. 2019 Mar;20(3):367-74. view full text

The effects of traffic light labelling versus cartoon labelling on food and beverage purchases in a children’s hospital setting
Authors: Whitt OR, Jilcott Pitts SB, Rafferty AP, Payne CR, Shu Wen Ng
Published in: Pediatric Obesity, July 28 2017 view full text

Trends in added sugars from packaged beverages available to and purchased by US households in 2007-2012
Authors: Shu Wen Ng, Jessica Ostrowski, Kuo-ping Li
Published in: Am J. Clinical Nutrition, June 7 2017 view full text

US Food Industry Progress During the National Salt Reduction Initiative: 2009–2014
Authors: Christine J. Curtis, Jennifer Clapp, Sarah A. Niederman, Shu Wen Ng, Sonia Y. Angell
Published in: American Journal of Public Health, October 2016 view full text

Where people shop is not associated with the nutrient quality of packaged foods for any racial-ethnic group in the United States
Authors: Dalia Stern, Jennifer M. Poti, Shu Wen Ng, Robinson WR, Gordon-Larsen P, Barry M. Popkin
Published in: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, April 2016

Use of caloric and noncaloric sweeteners in US consumer packaged foods, 2005-2009
Authors: Shu Wen Ng, Meghan M. Slining, Barry M Popkin
Published in: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, November 2012 view full text