Transnational/Global

The GFRP team collectively or individually has been involved in research spanning regions and countries at all income levels and including studies on diet, physical activity, overweight/obesity, and broader food system-related issues. Policy work includes the World Bank obesity strategy coauthored by Barry Popkin and Meera Shekar (Obesity : Health and Economic Consequences of an Impending Global Challenge), regional studies on food systems and obesity by Popkin and Tom Reardon and others (e.g., in Latin America and Africa), background documents for initiatives on physical activity, and Bellagio meetings.

Reviews include a narrative review of governmental regulations to restrict unhealthy food marketing to children, and a scoping review on front-of-package warning labels.

Resources

  • Fact sheet | Industry self-regulation

    Fact Sheet Industry Self-Regulation ThumbnailFact sheet describing how the food and beverage industry has engaged in voluntary self-regulation in three main areas of public health concern: 1) Child-directed junk food marketing; 2) Front-of-package labelling; and 3) reducing unhealthy nutrients in the food supply. While self-regulation continues to be the most common approach globally for addressing industry’s role in the ongoing obesity crisis, this fact sheet details a large body of independent evidence demonstrating that these voluntary measures have been ineffective and insufficient.

    Updated July 2020

  • Fact sheet | Child-directed food marketing

    Fact Sheet Marketing ThumbnailFact sheet describing the prevalence and persuasive nature of junk food marketing aimed at kids. Learn how unhealthy food marketing contributes to the childhood obesity crisis and explore options for regulations to limit its harms and protect children from exposure.

    Updated August 2020

  • Fact sheet | School food environment

    Fact Sheet School Food ThumbnailFact sheet describing the impact of unhealthy school food environments on childhood obesity and wellness. Learn about policies that can improve the school food environment, including restricting access to unhealthy foods, protecting kids from food industry marketing, and emphasizing the nutritional standards schoolchildren need to grow, develop, and succeed at school and beyond the school grounds.

    Updated September 2018

  • Fact sheet | Why tax sugary drinks?

    Fact Sheet SSB Tax ThumbnailLearn about sugary drink consumption around the world, connections between excess sugar consumption and prevalence of obesity and other diseases, and real-world evidence for how sugary drink taxes can reduce sugar intake, improve health, and increase government revenue while decreasing health care costs and the personal burdens of nutrition-related diseases.

    Updated February 2020

  • Maps | Restrictions on marketing food to children

    Map Marketing ThumbnailGlobal maps showing countries and jurisdictions with mandatory and/or voluntary regulations on food and beverage marketing to children. Includes maps highlighting countries with restrictions in broadcast vs. non-broadcast media, restrictions that apply only to certain food and beverage types, and restrictions on marketing in schools.

    Updated July 2018

  • Maps | School food environment

    Map School Food Policies ThumbnailGlobal maps showing countries with policies to improve nutrition in public schools, including mandatory standards for foods available, restrictions on unhealthy foods available, fruit and vegetable initiatives, and bans on vending machines in schools.

    Updated September 2021

  • Fact sheet | Front-of-package nutrient labels

    FOP Fact Sheet ThumbnailFact sheet describing how front-of-package (FOP) labels can help consumers make informed, healthier choices. Learn about the evidence behind different FOP labels, what types of labels are in use around the world today, and the key elements needed for developing and effective FOP labelling policy.

    Updated September 2020

  • Fact sheet | Ultra-processed foods

    Fact sheet describing ultra-processed foods and drinks and the threat they pose to public health worldwide as they make up increasingly greater portions of the global diet. Learn how to identify ultra-processed products; review the evidence for their association with a multitude of risk factors, diseases, and mortality; and explore policy options to reduce consumption.

    Updated May 2021 (available in Spanish and Portuguese)

  • Maps | Front-of-package labelling

    Map FOP Labels ThumbnailGlobal maps showing both mandatory and voluntary front-of-package labelling schemes used in countries around the world. Includes maps highlighting countries with front-of-package warning label policies.

    Updated September 2021

  • Maps | Sugary drink taxes

    Map SSB Taxes ThumbnailGlobal maps showing countries and smaller jurisdictions with taxes on sugary beverages that were implemented with a goal of curbing sugar consumption and improving public health. Included are brief descriptions of each tax structure and dates of passage or implementation.

    Updated September 2021

Publications

  • Pandav C, Smith Taillie L, Miles DR, Hollingsworth BA, Popkin BM. The WHO South-East Asia Region Nutrient Profile Model Is Quite Appropriate for India: An Exploration of 31,516 Food Products. Nutrients. 2021; 13(8):2799. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082799 view full text

  • Roberto CA, Ng SW, Ganderats-Fuentes M, Hammond D, Barquera S, Jauregui A, Taillie LS. The Influence of Front-of-Package Nutrition Labeling on Consumer Behavior and Product Reformulation. Annual Review of Nutrition. 2021 Aug 2;41. (Review in Advance first posted online on August 2, 2021. Changes may still occur before final publication in September 2021.)  view full text

  • Monteiro CA, Lawrence M, Millett C, Nestle M, Popkin BM, Scrinis G, Swinburn B. The need to reshape global food processing: a call to the United Nations Food Systems Summit. BMJ Global Health. 2021 Jul 1;6(7):e006885. view full text

  • Duran AC, Mialon M, Crosbie E, Jensen ML, Harris JL, Batis C, Corvalán C, Taillie LS. Food environment solutions for childhood obesity in Latin America and among Latinos living in the United States. Obesity Reviews. 2021 Jun;22:e13237. view full text

  • Popkin BM, Barquera S, Corvalan C, Hofman KJ, Monteiro C, Ng SW, Swart EC, Taillie LS. Towards unified and impactful policies to reduce ultra-processed food consumption and promote healthier eating. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. 2021 Apr 15. view full text

  • Reardon T, Tschirley D, Liverpool-Tasie LS, Awokuse T, Fanzo J, Minten B, Vos R, Dolislager M, Sauer C, Dhar R, Vargas C, Lartey A, Raza A, Popkin BM. The processed food revolution in African food systems and the double burden of malnutrition. Global Food Security. 2021;28:100466. view full text

  • Popkin, BM. To assist the large number of countries facing the double burden of malnutrition we must understand its causes and recognize the need for policies that do no harmThe American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 113, Issue 4, April 2021, Pages 765–766, view full text

  • Popkin BM, Du S, Green WD, Beck MA, Algaith T, Herbst CH, Alsukait RF, Alluhidan M, Alazemi N, Shekar M. Individuals with obesity and COVID-19: A global perspective on the epidemiology and biological relationships. Obesity Reviews. 2020 Nov;21(11):e13128. view full text

  • Taillie LS, Hall MG, Popkin BM, Ng SW, Murukutla N. Experimental Studies of Front-of-Package Nutrient Warning Labels on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Ultra-Processed Foods: A Scoping Review. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 22;12(2). pii: E569. doi: 10.3390/nu12020569. view full text