The GFRP team collectively or individually has been involved in research spanning regions and countries at all income levels and including studies on diet, physical activity, overweight/obesity, and broader food system-related issues. Policy work includes the World Bank obesity strategy coauthored by Barry Popkin and Meera Shekar (Obesity : Health and Economic Consequences of an Impending Global Challenge), regional studies on food systems and obesity by Popkin and Tom Reardon and others (e.g., in Latin America and Africa), background documents for initiatives on physical activity, and Bellagio meetings.

Reviews include a narrative review of governmental regulations to restrict unhealthy food marketing to children, and a scoping review on front-of-package warning labels.

GFRP Team Lead


  • Stages of the Nutrition Transition

    Nutrition Transition DiagramDiagram outlining the five phases of the Nutrition Transition and their associated dietary and activity patterns.

    © Barry M. Popkin, 2021

  • Sweetened beverage tax evaluations: Stakeholders, potential outcomes, and responses

    Diagram showing interactions between stakeholders regarding sweetened beverage taxesDiagram depicting the relationships between stakeholders’ interests (governments, health advocates, consumers, and industry), their potential responses to sweetened beverage taxes, and measurable outcomes for evaluations.

  • Front-of-package nutrient labels

    FOP Fact Sheet ThumbnailFact sheet describing how front-of-package (FOP) labels can help consumers make informed, healthier choices and encourage industry to improve the nutritional profile of their products and portfolios. Learn about the evidence for different FOP labels, what types of labels are in use around the world today, and key elements to consider when developing and implementing an effective FOP labelling policy.

    Updated October 2021

  • Industry self-regulation

    Fact Sheet Industry Self-Regulation ThumbnailFact sheet describing food and beverage industry voluntary self-regulation in three main areas of public health concern: 1) Child-directed food marketing; 2) front-of-package labelling; and 3) reducing unhealthy nutrients in the food supply. While self-regulation continues to be the most common approach globally for addressing industry’s role in the ongoing obesity crisis, this fact sheet details a large body of independent evidence demonstrating that these measures have been ineffective and insufficient.

    Updated July 2020

  • Child-directed food marketing

    Fact Sheet Marketing ThumbnailFact sheet describing the prevalence and persuasive nature of junk food marketing aimed at kids. Learn how unhealthy food marketing contributes to the childhood obesity crisis and explore options for regulations to limit its harms and protect children from exposure.

    Updated August 2020

  • School food environments

    Fact Sheet School Food ThumbnailFact sheet describing the impact of unhealthy school food environments on childhood obesity and wellness. Learn about policies that can improve the school food environment, including restricting access to unhealthy foods, protecting kids from food industry marketing, and emphasizing the nutritional standards schoolchildren need to grow, develop, and succeed at school and beyond the school grounds.

    Updated September 2018

  • Why tax sugary drinks?

    Fact Sheet SSB Tax ThumbnailLearn about sugary drink consumption around the world, connections between excess sugar consumption and prevalence of obesity and other diseases, and real-world evidence for how sugary drink taxes can reduce sugar intake, improve health, and increase government revenue while decreasing health care costs and the personal burdens of nutrition-related diseases.

    Updated February 2020

  • Restrictions on marketing food to children

    Map Marketing ThumbnailGlobal maps showing countries and jurisdictions with mandatory and/or voluntary regulations on food and beverage marketing to children. Includes maps highlighting countries with restrictions in broadcast vs. non-broadcast media, restrictions that apply only to certain food and beverage types, and restrictions on marketing in schools.

    Updated July 2018

  • School food environment

    Map School Food Policies ThumbnailGlobal maps showing countries with policies to improve nutrition in public schools, including mandatory standards for foods available, restrictions on unhealthy foods available, fruit and vegetable initiatives, and bans on vending machines in schools.

    Updated September 2021

  • Ultra-processed foods

    Fact sheet describing ultra-processed foods and drinks and the threat they pose to public health worldwide as they make up increasingly greater portions of the global diet. Learn how to identify ultra-processed products; review the evidence for their association with a multitude of risk factors, diseases, and mortality; and explore policy options to reduce consumption.

    Updated May 2021 (available in Spanish and Portuguese)

  • Front-of-package labeling

    Map FOP Labels ThumbnailGlobal maps showing both mandatory and voluntary front-of-package labeling schemes used in countries around the world. Includes maps highlighting countries with front-of-package warning label policies.

    Updated September 2021

  • Sugary drink taxes

    Map SSB Taxes ThumbnailGlobal maps showing countries and smaller jurisdictions with taxes on sugary beverages that were implemented with a goal of curbing sugar consumption and improving public health. Included are brief descriptions of each tax structure and dates of passage or implementation.

    Updated September 2021


  • How should we evaluate sweetened beverage tax policies? A review of worldwide experience
    Authors: Shu Wen Ng, M. Arantxa Colchero, Martin White
    Published in: BMC Public Health, October 26, 2021 view full text

  • Cash Transfer Programs are Important for Improved Nutrition in Low-and Middle-Income Countries
    Authors: Barry M. Popkin
    Published in: The Journal of Nutrition, October 12, 2021 view full text

  • The nutrition transition to a stage of high obesity and noncommunicable disease prevalence dominated by ultra-processed foods is not inevitable
    Authors: Barry M. Popkin BMShu Wen Ng 
    Published in: Obesity Reviews, October 10, 2021 view full text

  • The WHO South-East Asia Region Nutrient Profile Model Is Quite Appropriate for India: An Exploration of 31,516 Food Products
    Authors: Chandra Pandav, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Donna R. Miles, Bridget A. Hollingsworth, Barry M. Popkin
    Published in: Nutrients, August 15, 2021 view full text

  • The Influence of Front-of-Package Nutrition Labeling on Consumer Behavior and Product Reformulation
    Authors: Christina A. Roberto, Shu Wen Ng, Montserrat Ganderats-Fuentes, David Hammond, Simón Barquera, Alejandra Jauregui, Lindsey Smith Taillie
    Published in: Annual Review of Nutrition, August 2, 2021  view full text

  • The need to reshape global food processing: a call to the United Nations Food Systems Summit
    Authors: Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Mark Lawrence, Christopher Millett, Marion Nestle, Barry M Popkin, Gyorgy Scrinis, Boyd Swinburn
    Published in: BMJ Global Health, July 1, 2021 view full text

  • Food environment solutions for childhood obesity in Latin America and among Latinos living in the United States.
    Authors: Ana Clara Duran, Melissa Mialon, Eric Crosbie, Melissa Lorena Jensen, Jennifer L. Harris, Carolina Batis, Camila Corvalán, Lindsey Smith Taillie
    Published in: Obesity Reviews, June 21, 2021 view full text