The GFRP team collectively or individually has been involved in research spanning regions and countries at all income levels and including studies on diet, physical activity, overweight/obesity, and broader food system-related issues. Policy work includes the World Bank obesity strategy coauthored by Barry Popkin and Meera Shekar (Obesity : Health and Economic Consequences of an Impending Global Challenge), regional studies on food systems and obesity by Popkin and Tom Reardon and others (e.g., in Latin America and Africa), background documents for initiatives on physical activity, and Bellagio meetings.

Reviews include a narrative review of governmental regulations to restrict unhealthy food marketing to children, and a scoping review on front-of-package warning labels.

GFRP Team Lead


  • Restrictions on marketing food to children

    Map Marketing ThumbnailGlobal map showing countries with national-level, mandatory regulations related to food and beverage marketing to children. This resource also includes a chart comparing policy coverage across countries and more detailed description of limits on TV advertising.

    Updated May 2022

  • Sugary drink taxes

    Map SSB Taxes ThumbnailGlobal maps showing countries and smaller jurisdictions with taxes on sugary beverages that were implemented with a goal of curbing sugar consumption and improving public health. Included are brief descriptions of each tax structure and dates of passage or implementation.

    Updated May 2022

    May 2022: Updated Barbados tax (doubled to 20% in April 2022)

    February 2022: Added Israel and Nigeria (newly implemented); Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Tuvalu, and Wallis and Futuna (existing, newly added)

  • Marketing for unhealthy foods and drinks

    Marketing Fact Sheet ThumbnailFact sheet describing the prevalence and persuasive nature of junk food marketing and its impact on children and adolescents. Learn how unhealthy food marketing contributes to global childhood obesity and about recommendations for regulations to limit its harms.

    Updated May 2022

  • Front-of-package labeling

    Map FOP Labels ThumbnailGlobal maps showing mandatory and voluntary front-of-package labeling schemes used in countries around the world. Includes map highlighting countries with front-of-package warning label policies.

    Updated February 2022

    February 2022 additions: Argentina (mandatory warning label law passed); Singapore (hybrid mandatory/voluntary Nutri-Grade label passed); Venezuela (mandatory octagonal warning label passed); existing voluntary labels in China, Indonesia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe

  • Stages of the Nutrition Transition

    Nutrition Transition DiagramDiagram outlining the five phases of the Nutrition Transition and their associated dietary and activity patterns.

    © Barry M. Popkin, 2021

  • Sweetened beverage tax evaluations: Stakeholders, potential outcomes, and responses

    Diagram showing interactions between stakeholders regarding sweetened beverage taxesDiagram depicting the relationships between stakeholders’ interests (governments, health advocates, consumers, and industry), their potential responses to sweetened beverage taxes, and measurable outcomes for evaluations.

  • Front-of-package nutrient labels

    FOP Fact Sheet ThumbnailFact sheet describing how front-of-package (FOP) labels can help consumers make informed, healthier choices and encourage industry to improve the nutritional profile of their products and portfolios. Learn about the evidence for different FOP labels, what types of labels are in use around the world today, and key elements to consider when developing and implementing an effective FOP labelling policy.

    Updated October 2021

  • School food environment

    Map School Food Policies ThumbnailGlobal maps showing countries with policies to improve nutrition in public schools, including mandatory standards for foods available, restrictions on unhealthy foods available, fruit and vegetable initiatives, and bans on vending machines in schools.

    Updated September 2021

  • Ultra-processed foods

    Fact sheet describing ultra-processed foods and drinks and the threat they pose to public health worldwide as they make up increasingly greater portions of the global diet. Learn how to identify ultra-processed products; review the evidence for their association with a multitude of risk factors, diseases, and mortality; and explore policy options to reduce consumption.

    Updated May 2021 (available in Spanish and Portuguese)


  • How should we evaluate sweetened beverage tax policies? A review of worldwide experience
    Authors: Shu Wen Ng, M. Arantxa Colchero, Martin White
    Published in: BMC Public Health, October 26, 2021 view full text

  • Cash transfer programs are important for improved nutrition in low- and middle-income countries
    Authors: Barry M. Popkin
    Published in: The Journal of Nutrition, October 12, 2021 view full text

  • The nutrition transition to a stage of high obesity and noncommunicable disease prevalence dominated by ultra-processed foods is not inevitable
    Authors: Barry M. Popkin BMShu Wen Ng 
    Published in: Obesity Reviews, October 10, 2021 view full text

  • The WHO South-East Asia region nutrient profile model is quite appropriate for India: An exploration of 31,516 Food Products
    Authors: Chandra Pandav, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Donna R. Miles, Bridget A. Hollingsworth, Barry M. Popkin
    Published in: Nutrients, August 15, 2021 view full text

  • The influence of front-of-package nutrition labeling on consumer behavior and product reformulation
    Authors: Christina A. Roberto, Shu Wen Ng, Montserrat Ganderats-Fuentes, David Hammond, Simón Barquera, Alejandra Jauregui, Lindsey Smith Taillie
    Published in: Annual Review of Nutrition, August 2, 2021  view full text

  • The need to reshape global food processing: a call to the United Nations Food Systems Summit
    Authors: Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Mark Lawrence, Christopher Millett, Marion Nestle, Barry M Popkin, Gyorgy Scrinis, Boyd Swinburn
    Published in: BMJ Global Health, July 1, 2021 view full text

  • Food environment solutions for childhood obesity in Latin America and among Latinos living in the United States.
    Authors: Ana Clara Duran, Melissa Mialon, Eric Crosbie, Melissa Lorena Jensen, Jennifer L. Harris, Carolina Batis, Camila Corvalán, Lindsey Smith Taillie
    Published in: Obesity Reviews, June 21, 2021 view full text

  • Towards unified and impactful policies to reduce ultra-processed food consumption and promote healthier eating
    Authors: Barry M. Popkin, Simon Barquera, Camila Corvalan, Karen Hofman, Carlos Monteiro, Shu Wen Ng, Elizabeth C. Swart, Lindsey Smith Taillie
    Published in: The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, April 15, 2021 view full text

  • Sugar-sweetened beverage reduction policies: Progress and promise
    Authors: James Krieger, Sara Bleich, Stephanie Scarmo, and Shu Wen Ng
    Published in: Annual Review of Public Health, April 1, 2021 view full text

  • The processed food revolution in African food systems and the double burden of malnutrition
    Authors: Thomas Reardon, David Tschirley, Lenis Saweda O. Liverpool-Tasie, Titus Awokuse, Jessica Fanzo, Bart Minten, Rob Vos, Michael Dolislager, Christine Sauer, Rahul Dhar, Carolina Vargas, Anna Lartey, Ahmed Raza, Barry M. Popkin
    Published in: Global Food Security, March 1, 2021 view full text